Basic Counselling Skills


1. The Functions and Scope of practice of a Counsellor

  • What is Counselling?
  • Aims of counselling.
  • Who is a counsellor?
  • Attitudes and qualities of a good counsellor
  • The Functions of Counselling
  • The Elements of Counselling    
  • The social learning theory
  • Basic Social Learning Concepts
  • The Skilled Helper”: A Systematic Approach to Helping.

2. Human Development

3.  Principles of counselling

  • Skills of a Counsellor
  •  Listening and attending skills
  •  Effective communication:
  • Empathy    
  •  Reflecting    
  • Summarizing    
  • Clarifying
  • Open and close ended question
  • Challenging    
  •  Immediacy
  • Leverage    
  • Problem solving and advice giving
  • Goal setting and getting a commitment    
  •  Contracting
  • What are professional boundaries?  

4.  Counselling Individuals with Special Needs:    

  • Crisis Counselling    
  • Counselling Couples
  •  Couple counselling techniques    
  • Counselling couples in the context of HIV    
  •  Counselling discordant couples    

5. The impact of values and attitudes on behaviour and counselling.    

  • Self-Awareness    
  •  The Counsellor’s Values, Ethics and Attitudes    
  • Genuineness or congruence    
  • Empowerment and self- responsibility    
  • Confidentiality    
  • Respect for diversity within the counselling relationship    
  • Prejudice is a preconceived feeling or bias, an opinion with judgement, and it is a normal human reaction.    
  •  An enabling counselling environment    
  • The importance of an enabling counselling environment

6. Record keeping and Supervision

7.  Supervision    

8.  Burnout


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